Influenced greatly by Ben Jonson, the
were debonair, dashing Caroline courtiers who dubbed
themselves the "Tribe
of Ben" or the "Sons of Ben."
Cultivated but colloquial language.
They sought the
ease of expression of the educated nobility.
is a gentleman's
game--no deep and terrifying emotions stir the Cavaliers to
lose their hearts
or their poise as gentlemen. Refinement and elegant symmetry
of form substitute
Latin models and classical
But the lighter Latin poets (Catullus, Horace, Ovid; not
Virgil), whose works
exhibit ease and grace, perfect clarity and fluency of thought
Strong sensuous and worldly
The Cavaliers are pagan sophisticates. They foreshadow the
amorality of the
Restoration (which itself was a reaction to the Puritans'
Anti-Puritan.The Cavaliers exaggerated their characteristics
in defiance of the
somber, pious Puritans, working against a fixed morality and
masculinity. They were loyalist (pro-royalty).
$Hedonism (live for pleasure)
(seize the moment)
$Beauty of the
the simple pleasures and pains of everyday life
Thomas Carew, Sir John Suckling, and Richard Lovelace.