Study Questions for Ancient Legacies

Below are a selection of study questions concerning the texts we will be discussing this semester.

Book of the City of Ladies

Dante's Inferno

The Iliad

Things to Consider from  Books 1-5

1.      What is the Quarrel between Agamemnon and Achilles?  How does it develop?  Why?

2.      What is the Quarrel between the Greeks and Trojans?  How does it develop and why?

3.      What Values do you see being upheld by the characters in the Book?

4.      How are women treated?  What is their importance?

5.      What elements of traditional epics do you find interesting in this section?

6.      Is this work glorifying war?  Why or why not?

7.      What do you make of the catalog of ships?  See anything interesting?

8.      Name a few of the main Characters on each side and describe what they are like?

9.      Characterize the gods behavior and comment on it?

10.  How are the gods important in this section?

11.  Who are Briseis and Chyseis and how are they important?  Do they make women important?

12.  What is the importance of honor and religious observances in the text?  How do you know this?

13.  What responsibility do Agamemnon and Achilles each have for the current predicament?

14.  How do we see Greek debate and democracy functioning here?

15.  Why does Agamemnon tell the Greeks that they are leaving in Book 2? How is this a disaster?

16.  How are Nestor and Odysseus important characters in these books?

17.  Why group men together by city when they are fighting?

18.  What is morale like in the Greek camp?  Why?

19.  Who are the most important Trojans?  Describe them?

20.  What is the relationship between Helen, Hector and Paris like?

21.  Why do the Trojans dislike Paris?

22.  How might the god’s be seen as playing a game using Greek and Trojan warriors?

Greeks to Remember

Achilles     Agamemnon     Menelaus     Aias     Telemoinian Aias     Calchas     Nestor     Odysseus     Patroclus     Teucer   


Andromache     Aeneas     Cassandra     Hector     Helen     Pandarus     Paris     Priam     Sarpedon

Things to Consider from Books 6-10


1.                  How does Book Six make clear a major distinction between the Greek Troops and the Trojan Troops?

2.                  Discuss Hector=s relationship with his Andromache and Scamandrius (AAstynax@).

3.                  What is Paris like?  What does Hector think of him, really?

4.                  Discuss Helen.  What does she think of herself?  What do others think of her?

5.                  What is tragic about Hectors vision of the war=s outcome (book six)?

6.                  Why would the Greeks and Trojans agree to single combat between Aias (Ajax) and Hector?  What will be determined should one kill the other?

7.                  What are the attitudes of the warriors toward the war?  How do the men feel about fighting?  (They have many different feelings.)

8.                  What was the importance of the gods within this section?

9.                  What have you noticed about epithets or ancestry (of men or objects) so far?  Anything worth discussing?

10.              Why is Achilles not willing to accept Agamemnon=s offer (book nine)?  Is he being unreasonable?  Is his position defensible?

11.              What is the importance of the story of the Calydonian Boar and Meleager in book nine? How do you apply this to Achilles?

12.              Who is Phoenix and what part does he play in Achilles life?  Does Phoenix=s argument make Achilles look selfish or foolish?  Why or why not?

13.              In book ten, look at how the kings wake up and what they grabBcan you make any sense about all of this?

14.              What is interesting about Diomedes and Odysseus=s night interlude with the Trojans and Thracians?

15.              Discuss a few epic similes and why they are appropriate or striking?


List of Gods

Zeus     Hera        Athena     Ares     Apollo     Artemis     Hephaestus     Poseidon        Hades      Aphrodite     Iris

Things to Consider from Iliad Books 11-14


1.                  Discuss Agamemnon as a leader, as supreme leader, and as a warrior.  What tactics does he use to lead?  What do you think of his tactics?

2.                  Find passages that detail the specifics of battle and war and discuss whether those passages are glorifying war or demonizing it?

3.                  What do we know about men in times earlier than the Iliad? What do we know about the men of the Iliad in comparison to the men of Homer=s day? What do you make of this?

4.                  What discussions of religious observances and Omens have you noticed?  What do they imply for those characters involved?  What do they mean in terms of Homer=s belief system?

5.                  Characterize Hector as a leader?  What are his strengths and weaknesses?  What does his presence in the story mean?

6.                  Discuss the actions of Poseidon in this section.  What are his motivations?  What about Hera and her actions?

7.                  How do the actions of the gods affect our attitude toward the humans in the poem?  Can we treat the actions of the gods as typical of actions of humans?  Is this always, sometimes, or never true?

8.                  Select some of the taunts and discuss their affect on the people in the story and their affect on us?

9.                  There are verbal elements to the battle between men (and gods).  Discuss the taunts, boasts, ancestry, and discussion that occurs between men on the battlefield (both comrades and enemies).  What do these verbal elements add?

10.              What is tragic about Hector=s faith in Zeus=s promise to allow him to storm the Achaean wall and bring the battle to the Greek ships?  Are the Greek gods evil?

Things to consider from Books 15-18

1.                  Think of the most positive portrayal of women you have read so far.  What makes it positive?  How positive is it?

2.                  A great deal of talking goes along with all the fighting, although sometimes heroes warn each other about bragging or taunting too much.  Why is there so much talking and verbal posturing?  Discuss an example and explain.

3.                  What are some of the differences between the Greeks and the Trojans?  Discuss some of these differences, why they are apparent, and why do they exist.

4.                  It is said that even Zeus cannot alter Fate.  Do you see this in the story?  Support your answer with an example.

5.                  Who is responsible for Patroclus=s death?  Make a list of a few people if necessary and tell how responsible each person/god was and why.

6.                  Discuss the gods= intervention within this section.  What do they do and why?  How does this change or reinforce your beliefs about how the Greeks must have viewed their gods?

7.                  On page 293 (fourth paragraph in book 16) Achilles and Patroclus allude to prophecies.  How are prophecies brought to bear on the characters in this section.  What prophecies do you know of that have anything to do with Achilles, Patroclus or the Greeks in general?

8.                  Discuss how Patroclus or Hector or both act during this section.  Pick a scene or two and explain it/them.

9.                  On Page 328 (book 16 about 9 pages from the end) Zeus is discussing the unhappy fate of Achilles=s horsesBhe says AFor of all the creatures that breathe and creep about on Mother Earth there is none so miserable as man.@  What do you make of this?  What does it mean/imply that Zeus would say this?  What does it mean that Homer would conceive of a god as saying this?

10.              How is fame and reputation responsible for warlike behavior?  Give examples and explain.

Things to Consider from Iliad Books 18-22

 1.                  On page 343-45 (about seven pages into Book XVIII).  Hector is confronted by Polydamas about prophecies and omens concerning the war.  Explain what Polydamas says and why. Explain Hector’s reaction.  Is his reaction consistent with his leadership style?  Why or why not?

2.                  Discuss some of the prophecies (concerning Greeks or Trojans).  What ffect do these prophecies have on the humans?  What effect do they have on the Gods?  Do they preclude free will in the story?  How do the prophecies affect your understanding of the action, its motivation, and its outcomes.
3.                  Discuss Achilles’s shield.  What do you make of the picture depicted on it.  In what ways could you argue that it is symbolic?  What is it symbolic of?  Why is its symbolism appropriate?
4.                  The first few pages of Chapter XIX (354-61) depict Achilles’s haste to return to battle.  What do you think of these scenes?  How is the intervention of Odysseus helpful or harmful?
5.                  What do you make of Briseis’s lament on 361-362 (3 or 4 pages from the end of Book XIX)?  What does this say about Patroclus, Briseis, and/or Achilles?
6.                  The Gods are especially important in Book XX, yet they are not all that active.  What do they actually do?  Why are they limited in terms of what they do from a dramatic standpoint?  How do they advance the story here?
7.                  Poseidon who is helping Achilles rushes in and save Aeneas (Achilles’s enemy).  There are a number of reasons why.  Discuss some of these reasons and what they say about fate and the gods.
8.                  How are Achilles’s problems with Xanthus (the river god) typical of the problem with having men fight gods.  How does it make the importance of the gods taking sides seem necessary?
9.                  Discuss the reactions of Hector’s family concerning his fighting Achilles. What do Priam, Hecabe, and Andromache each think?  What specifically does each think Hector should do, an why?
10.              How are guilt and shame motivators for Hector’s appearing outside the wall to confront Achilles?  What are some of the reasons that Hector decides to fight Achilles at that particular time?

Things to Consider Iliad Books 23-24


1.                  How do the last two chapters affect your interpretation of the epic overall.  Should the last chapters be a place of emphasis?  What do these emphasize?

2.                  There are eight different contests that are part of Patroclus=s funeral games.  Discuss what the importance of these are to the work?  Do any of the contests stick out as important?  Pick one or two and comment on what you think they mean? 

3.                  Achilles does a fair amount of talking to Patroclus as part of these chapters.  How and why does his message to Patroclus change?  Does he present a more appealing figure at the end?  Why?

4.                  On page 438 (two pages in to chapter 24)  Apollo Aspeaks his mind@ about Achilles=s grief.  What is odd about Achilles=s grief and the Greeks= acceptance of it?  Contrast this with Troys= grief over Hector.

5.                  What does the interchange between Hector and Achilles reveal?  What do you make of it? 

6.                  How does ending with a funeral affect the impact of the Iliad?



Lysistrata Questions

1.      How is Lysistra about:  Love?   Sex?  War?  Men vs Women?  Power?

2.      How do Greek attitudes about sex appear to differ from modern attitudes?

3.      What are some of the ways Aristophanes makes sex look reidiculous?  Why would he do this?

4.      How and does he make War look ridiculous?

5.      Describe the plot of this comedy?

6.      What seems particularly outrageous about the behavior of the Men? And the Women?

7.      Why do you suppose the play appeals to people today?  How do you imagine the relevance might differ for its contemporary audience?

8.      What are some of the multiple smaller subplots within the play?  Why are they important?

9.      Discuss some of the puns and jokes you noticed?  Why are they important?  What is their purpose?

10.  Explain the women’s plan and how they hope to instigate it?

11.  How do the choruses function to advance both the plot and the comedy?

12.  Greek plays often have only one chorus.  How and why is the dual chorus appropriate to this particular play?

13.  In addition to the “sex strike”  the women must capture and hold the Akropolis.  Why?

14.  Where do you see greek history and politics being emphasized in the plot?

15.  Why do you believe Aristophanes personifies “Peace” as a naked woman? 

Questions from Books 1-6 Aeneid


1.                  List and discuss some of the epical elements of the opening of the Aeneid. 
2.                  What similarities in content do you see to Homer’s epics?
3.                  How is this an epic filled with prophecies?  Are the prophecies in this different from the prophecies in Homer?  If so, how?
4.                  How do the gods involve themselves in this section?
5.                  Virgil is careful with his use of similes. Select one simile and talk about how the content of it is appropriate to the situation it is used to describe.
6.                  How does this epic fill in important data about the Trojan war?  What does it add to the story?
7.                  How is Aeneid’s perspective as a Trojan important in creating subtle differences in how he describes the war?
8.                  How does Aeneas react to Helen?  Why?  How does his mother intervene? Why?
9.                  What happens with Aeneas’s family during the sack of Troy?  Why do they eventually flee?  What obstacles were there?  What does Aeneas take with him?
10.              Characterize the group that escapes Troy.  What do they do?  Where do they go?
11.              What purpose do you see for all the false starts of beginning a new city?
12.              How is Dido helpful to Aeneas and his men?
13.              How are the gods involved in the Dido/Aeneas relationship?
14.              What is the result of the relationship and who are at fault?
15.              In Book IV  lines 500+ (113-114) Dido explains her dilemma?  What is her dilemma? Is there an escape?
16.              How are the funeral Games of Chapter V ironic , coming after chapter IV?  What is the reason for the games?  What do they allow to happen?
17.              What similarities in the games do you see with Homer?
18.              How does Juno and the women actually make possible a stronger Italy?
19.              What must Aeneas do to get into Hell?  Is his trip there especially useful? What new information is he given?
20.              Discuss some of what (or who) Aeneas sees in Hell?  How is what he sees conventional?  How is what he sees important to his story?

Things to Consider Aeneid 7-12


1.                  How is prophecy interfering with Turnus’s wedding plans?  Who is in favor of the wedding?  Who against it?
2.                  How is Juno involved in the wedding strife and what is Allecto’s role?
3.                  Why would Latinus agree to marry Lavinia to Aeneas?  Why does he relent?
4.                  Why does Aeneas seek out Evander?  What is Evander’s reaction to Aeneas?  What part does Pallus play in the drama?
5.                  How is Hercules a factor in gaining the Arcadian’s help in chapter VIII?  How is Aeneas like Hercules?
6.                  How does Aeneas get his armor?  What is depicted on it?  How is the depiction important?
7.                  Pick a prophecy affecting Aeneas and discuss its importance and its relation to other aspects of his destiny.
8.                  Discuss the attack on the Trojan camp as a revisitation of the attack on Troy.
9.                  Discuss Pallas and Turnus as heroes.
10.              How and why does Pallas’s death affect Turnus’s and Aeneas’s destiny?
11.              Why should Turnus and Aeneas meet in single combat?  Why shouldn’t/don’t they?
12.              Discuss Aeneas’s battle with Mezentius (and his son Lausus).  What is the importance of this conflict?
13.              What are the main differences between Turnus and Aeneas?
14.              Discuss how the Gods influence the outcome?  Is there as much influence as in Greek epics?
15.              Does Aeneas’s destiny make the epic less suspenseful?  Why or why not?
16.              Compare Virgil to Homer.  Which do you prefer and why?
17.              Pick an aspect of Virgil’s epic made possible by it’s literary nature.  Explain its importance and Virgil’s manipulation of it.

Things to Consider Ramayana

Ramayana Questions

•    How is the Ramayana different from other epics we have read? Be specific.
•    In what ways is the Ramayana very similar to the epics we have read?
•    Why is Rama incarnated on earth?  How does it happen?
•    Which other gods are incarnated with Rama?
•    How are sages, ascetics, gurus, and Brahmins important in this work?
•    Discuss the role of women in this work.
•    Why does Viswamithra want Rama to travel with him?  What is the controversy?
•    How doe Rama and Lakshmana pass the time with the sage?  Be Specific.
•    What background stories were introduced in the epic and what was their purpose?
•    Describe some stories where Rama seems to be fulfilling his destiny and explain.
•    How does Rama meet Sita and Sita Rama?
•    What is the effect of their first glimpses of each other (Rama and Sita)?
•    What must Rama do before being allowed to marry Sita?  Why?
•    Pick another side story and discuss its importance?
•    What happens when one is love sick?  How do women and men behave differently?
•    How do the people react to the announced wedding of Rama and Sita?
•    How is astrology and auspicious timing important to the epic?
•    What happens before and after the wedding?
•    Why is Dasartha interested in giving up the throne?
•    Why is he concerned about doing this quickly?
•    Why did he send Bharatha away?
•    How is Kooni pivotal in this disastrous story?
•    Why is Kaikeyi so upset?
•    Why does Kaikeyi get what she wants?
•    What is the effect on the King?
•    What is the effect on Rama, Sita, and Lakshmana
•    How are Kaikeyi and Bharatha affectd?
•    Why is Rama so understanding?
•    How do we know that Rama is good?
•    What is the purpose of this story so far?

•    Describe in detail on of the following Characters:  Lakshman, Sita, Rama, Soorpanka, Ravana, Hunanman, Sugreega, or Vali.
•    What is the reason the Sita is targeted for abduction?
•    What is interesting about the initial interchange between Rama and Soorpanka/Kamavalli?
•    How does Love sickness permeate this book?
•    Why is Rama unafraid of Demons?
•    How have his past experiences with Demons affected this section?
•    Why would Ravana want to secretly abduct Sita?  Are there other options?
•    Discuss the incident with the golden deer.  Why do the events transpire as they do?
•    Discuss Ravana’s Ruling style?  Why does he behave as he does?
•    Why Kill Vali?  Why does it turn out to be O.K.?
•    How are talking monkeys different than regular monkeys?
•    Why will Rama need the help of the Monkeys?
•    How is the movie yet another re-interpretation of this ancient poem?
•    Is the movie effective?  Why or why not?
•    Do the changes to the story in the movie change the meaning of the Ramayana?

Questions to Consider on Beowulf

1.    Discuss how the comitatus code can be seen to function in the first half of the poem?
2.    Why is it significant that Beowulf borrows Unferth's sword before battling Grendel's mother?
3.    How does the flyting (taunting) tradition make Unferth's opposition to Beowulf necessary?
4.    What is the state of Heorot before Beowulf arrives?
5.    Describe Grendel.  Why does he hate Heorot?
6.    What does Beowulf=s contest against Breca add to the story?
7.    Describe and characterize the following characters: Hrothgar, Hygelac, Unferth, Wealtheow, Aeschere, Coastguard, Wulfgar--Why are they important?
8.    Describe the fight between Grendel and Beowulf.  Speculate about why it occurs as it does?
9.    How do Beowulf's Thanes feel about Beowulf Fighting Grendel?
10.    What purpose do the snippets of bard song in the poem serve?
11.    Name some of the Christian or Old Testament allusions in the poem. Do you see the Christian influence as strong or weak?
12.    Critics have occasionally called Beowulf an allegory.  How might Beowulf be seen as a Christian Allegory of good against evil?  How might this be refuted
13.    Why must Beowulf descend into the Mere?  What is it like in the Mere?  How does Beowulf Get there?  Why is the Mere Important?   
14.    Why is it significant that Beowulf borrows Unferth's sword before battling Grendel's mother?
15.    Why Does Grendel's Mother attack?  How does this show that even monsters accept Anglo-Saxon virtues?
16.    How and why is the fact that Beowulf's father received a favor from Hrothgar important?
17.    How does the inclusion of queen Modthrytho comment on Anglo-Saxon beliefs?
18.    What will be the difficulty with Freawaru's marriage?  Why would she be called a peace weaver?
19.    Discuss four examples of characters who exhibit good or bad leadership in the poem.  What are their main attributes?
20.    Discuss why Beowulf fights Grendel, Grendel's Mother, and The Dragon from an Anglo-Saxon point of view?  How are Christian explanations for his actions different?
21.    What are the results of Beowulf's visit to Heorot?   What does Beowulf Do when he gets home?  Why?
22.    Why would the story of Beowulf's deeds need to be repeated to Hygelac?  For what poetic and audience -based reasons?
23.    How do Beowulf's thanes behave during the Dragon Episode.  What does their behavior mean?  Why is Wiglaf important?
24.    How is Beowulf buried and what is the significance of this?
25.    What will Beowulf=s kingdom be like after he has gone?  Why?
26.    What is the importance of being a good king?  How does one behave like a good king?  Why is Beowulf a good King? Why is Hrothgar one?
27.    What type of Eternal Reward does Beowulf hope for?  Explain this and relate it to Christian expectations for the poem?
28.    Does the Comitatus Code have any relevance today?                   
29.    Is Beowulf Right or wrong to fight the Dragon?  Defend or attack his actions.
30.    What do you make of the blend of pagan and Christian elements in the poem?  Which predominate?  Why?  What does this mean?
31.    Why do we read Beowulf?  What is its value?        
32.    What does the poetry we have read so far tell us about Anglo-Saxons?  What do they like and dislike?  What are they not interested in?  Can we make determinations about people based on their poetry?

Study Questions on Dante's Inferno

•    How and why is Dante a Pilgrim?
•    Where is Dante at socially, politically, spiritually at the start of the Inferno?
•    Discuss some of the allegorical elements of the book so farBor focus specifically on some symbolic images.
•    Why is Dante=s Guide Virgil?  Why is Virgil appropriate?  What is Virgil like?
•    Who are the souls in the vestibule of Hell?  Why are they there?  Why are the Angels there?
•    Who is in the first circle of Hell and why?  How is it Hell?
•    Who are Paolo and Francessca and why are they sinners?  What does their book say about the corrupting power of poetry?  Compare the vision of the two lovers in canto five to the vision of Beatrice and her affect on Vigil and Dante in canto two.
•    How are the Gluttons punished?  Why is it fitting?  What will happen to all souls after the Day of Judgment and how will it affect their eternal rewards.
•    Why does Pluto oppose them and how do they get by?  How are the hoarders and spendthrifts punished?  What is their sin and why is it sinful?  What does Virgil have to say on Aluck@ and how does it apply to this circle?
•    Why is it appropriate that classical persons, demigods, and deities appear throughout Hell?  How does canto eight show the limits of Virgil=s power and the strength of God=s. Why does Virgil know the way through Hell?       
•    How will the second coming/day of Judgment/ Day of redemption/ End of the world affect the punishments of the damned according to Dante?
•    How is Dante punishing his enemies in Hell?  Is he only punishing enemies?  Is the book teaching any attitudes toward sin that are useful?  Can the book be understood and enjoyed by people who don=t share his specific religious beliefs?       
•    How and why is getting through the Tower/Castle/Gates of Dis so difficult?  What are the threats? Why does this upset Dante so much? How is it achieved?
•    In Canto 10 we learn about the odd limitations placed on the Knowledge of the Damned? What do they know that we don=t?  What do we know that they don’t?
•    Pick a Canto.  What=s happening there?  Why?  What does it mean in terms of religious content?  How does it relate to previous and subsequent cantos?  How does it fit into the overall layout of Hell.?
•    Can you attempt to offer literal, historical, moral, and anagogical meanings for one consistent character or event in the poem so far?  How many meanings can you get?
•    Explain the basic three level set up of Hell.
•    How are the violent against other=s punished?  Why is that appropriate?  What do the Minotaur and Centaurs have in common?  Why are they appropriate to this level?
•    Why might the profligates and suicides be punished together?  How are the profligates a fitting segue to the violent against nature,  art, and God?
•    How is violence against, nature, art, and God worse than violence against others?  How are these sinners punished?  Is it appropriate?
•    Why are the dead prophetic (first explanation canto ten)?  How is Brunoetto Latini prophetic about Dante?  Is Dante the poet self-indulgent?
•    Who is Geryon?  How do you call him?  Where does He live?  How is his location particularly suited to him allegorically?
•    Who is in Malbowges and why?  How is it set up? Why are Panders (panderers), seducers, and flatterers there?
•    How does Dante punish clergy who attempt to benefit in the physical world from their office through misuse of their power?
•    I particularly like what he does with Sorcerers.  What does he do with them and why?
•    How are lawyers treated in Hell?  How is their sin worse than the Simonacs?  Why must our heroes stray from there intended path?
•    How are the devils of bowge five comic relief?  What does their behavior reveal?
•    How is Caiaphas being punished in Hell and Why?  Why is Virgil intrigued to see him?
•    How are thieves punished and why is this appropriate?
•    What is ironic about Dante=s praise of Florence in canto xxvi?
•    What is Odysseus=s storyBrelate it to Tennyson=s poem?
•    Why is Fraud worse than force?
•    Why is Guido de Montrefeltro in bowge vii (circle eight)?  Why might he have hoped to cheat Hell?
•    Where and who with are the sowers of schism punished?  How is their punishment uniquely appropriate?
•    How are falsifiers punished?  Why is falsifying punished so intensely?  Would someone who copies another=s test answers be a falsifier?  Why or why not?
•    Why are the giants housed with fraud complex?  What was their crime?
•    How are betrayers punished?  Who is punished with Ugolino?  Why are they punished?  Why do critics often relate cantos 5, 26, and 33 to each other?
•    Who is in the bottom of Hell and why are they there?  What is the reason for Dante=s perplexity when climbing down Satan?
•    What does Hell teach?  How is  Inferno like other epic we have read?  How is it different?

Study Questions for the Book of the City of Ladies

1.    Why does De Pisan Write this text?
2.    Why are women in literature so darn wicked?
3.    Why might a woman begin to believe the wicked stories?
4.    How does a belief in God argue against the “vileness” of women?
5.    How and why have women come to doubt their own identity?
6.    Why should we not accept what one philosopher says as the definitive statement on Truth?
7.    Why must any attack on Marriage be flawed in some way?
8.    How do evil writers about women say more about themselves than they do about women?
9.    Who are the three women and what do they look like and symbolize?
10.    Why do men attack women’s reputations?
11.    What type of men write evil about women? How is De Pisan going to be something like a Moses-figure?
12.    How will the city of women be different from other cities built by men?
13.    How will De Pisan build the city?
14.    How is earthly Justice not exactly heavenly Justice?
15.    How are women like Gold?
16.    Why is misogyny not Natural?
17.    What must be excavated to build the walls of the city?
18.    Where does the idea of inferior bodies from women come from?
19.    Why is it unlikely that women have inferior bodies?
20.    What is the paradox about women creating evil?
21.    What is the refutation of women’s lustfulness?
22.    What is the refutation of women and intelligence?
23.    Why is their weeping not bad?
24.    How are their language skills not holding them back?
25.    Why are they not so often associated with the Law?
26.    What proves they can be good rulers?
27.    Why talk about the Amazons?
28.    Why is this a Pro-feminist text?

Is Christine Merely Male Bashing?—support your response.
2.    How and Why are Sybils, Prophets, and sorceresses positive models for women?
3.    Pick some examples of good behavior and discuss how they are appropriate residents of the city.
4.    Whose worse sons or daughters?  Why?
5.    Discuss some good daughters and why they are considered good?
6.    Select a way that Christine believes men misrepresent or misunderstand women and discuss how she tries to rectify it?
7.    How will we determine who gets to live in the city?
8.    In what ways are women beneficial to their husbands?  Give examples?
9.    How is marriage especially hard on women?
10.    In what ways and why are women more loyal than men?
11.    Why are women so good to older husbands?
12.    Pick a woman or two who saves her husband and discuss her positive attributes.
13.    Why should men listen to women’s advice?
14.    Discuss the role of Queens as forces for peace in the world.
15.    What are the pros and cons of educating women?
16.    How and why do chastity, beauty, and virtue go hand in hand?
17.    Discuss some biblical allusions you see as important to proving Christine’s arguments.
18.    Discuss the story of Griselda—How does it exemplify positive behavior?
19.    Imagine creating a modern book of the city of ladies.  Think of a few women who should be in there and why.