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"The Misbehavior and Undesired Interactions of Faults: Implications for Earthquake Hazard Near and Far"
2013 College of Science and Health Annual Symposium Talk

GEO 3200 Course Materials and Learning Activities

Class assignments should be submitted and grading will be available through CANVAS, However, to facilitate learning beyond the classroom I have decided to post course documents and content publicly on-line:
Topics

1. Introduction to Geologic Hazards and Related Landforms in Utah

2. Soils Applied to Hazards and Introduction to Field Mapping

3. Introduction to Paleoseismology and Extensional Environments

4. Strike-Slip and Compressional Faulting Hazards

5. Fault Zones and Regulation

6. Fault Segments, Earthquake Ruptures, and Magnitudes

7. Seismicity Patterns, Fault Behavior and Seismology

8. Landslide Types and Morphology

9. Utah Guidelines for Landslide Investigations

10. Slope Stability Analyses

11. Ethics, Vulnerability, and Geologic Hazards

12. Quaternary Volcanism in Utah

13. Earth Fissures and Ground Subsidence

14. Education and Outreach

15. Other Topics (e.g., problem soils, impacts, floods)



Introduction to Geologic Hazards and Related Landforms in Utah


Wasatch Fault displacement of Lake Bonneville's wave-cut platforms, figure by Larry Kellum
Readings

  • Paleoseismology Chapter 1, pages 1-19 Paleoseismology 2nd Edition, Editor J. McCalpin
  • GK Gilbert's Letter to the Sale Lake Tribune about Earthquake Hazards Gilbert's Letter to Salt Lake City Tribune
  • The Utah Geological Survey's pages describing geologic mapping Utah Geological Survey - Geologic Mapping
  • Landforms of the Basin and Range Province - Defined for Soil Survey Peterson, 1981

    Journal Questions Introductions (Hazards, Paleoseismology, and Geomorphology) Journal


    Lecture Materials
    Day 1 Slides
    Day 2 Slides

    Lab Materials
    Part 1 - Plate Boundaries, Faulting, Geomorphology, and Mapping: download part 1
    Part 2 - Faulting in Western North America, Slip Rates, and Recurrence: download part 2


    Soils Applied to Hazards and Introduction to Field Mapping


    USDA - Generalized Soil Map of Utah
    Readings

  • Paleoseismology Chapter 2, pages 29-118 Paleoseismology 2nd Edition, Editor J. McCalpin
  • Understanding Earth's eroding surface with Be-10 Portenga et al., 2011
  • UGS - Soils as a tool for applied Quaternary geologyBirkeland, Machette, and Haller, 1991
  • Soil Taxonomy - Soil Orders University of Idaho - The Twelve Soil Orders
  • Major Soil Orders of Utah USU Extension Generalized Soils of Utah
  • Manual for judging Oregon soils Oregon State University Manual for Judging Oregon Soils
  • The Soil Production Function - A HistoryHumphreys and Wilkinson, 2007
  • USCS Field Guide for Classifying Soils Midwest Geosciences Group
  • Field Classification of Soil using the USCS U of U Civil Engineering Guide to USCS classification

    Journal Questions Paleoseismic Field Techniques, Erosion Rates, and Soils Journal


    Lecture Materials
    Slides
    Video -coming later

    Lab Materials
    Quaternary Geology, Soils, and Faulting at Rock Canyon: download the lab
    Lab 2 Overview Map: download map
    Lab 2 Airphoto: download airphoto
    Lab 2 Soil Logging Sheet: download Soil Log


    Introduction to Paleoseismology and Extensional Environments


    Traverse Ridge Paleoseismic Site, Toke et al., 2016
    Readings

  • Paleoseismology Chapter 3, Focusing on Sections 3.1-3.3 Paleoseismology 2nd Edition, Editor J. McCalpin
  • Webpage Narrative of a Paleoseismology Project USGS Corner Canyon Project in UT

    Journal Questions Paleoseismology of Normal Faults


    Lecture Materials
    Lecture Slides
    Day 1 Video -coming later
    Day 2 Video J Ramon Arrowsmith's Lecture on Normal Faulting

    Lab Materials
    Mapping Tectonic Geomorphology/Geology along the Northern Nephi and Provo segments of the Wasatch Fault: download the lab

    Strike-Slip and Compressional Faulting Hazards


    2002 Denali Fault Rupture on Cantwell Glacier, photo by P. Haeussler
    Readings

  • Paleoseismology Chapters 5 and 6 Paleoseismology 2nd Edition, Editor J. McCalpin
  • Tuesday watch the video linked below (Dr. Toke is at SCEC)

    Journal Questions Strike-Slip and Compressional Paleoseismology/Tectonics Journal


    Lecture Materials
    Video (Dr. Toke at SCEC) - J Ramon Arrowsmith's Lecture on Normal Faulting
    Video of Dr. Toke Practising his Presentation at SCEC

    Lab Materials
    Fault Strip Mapping and Normal Fault Assessment at Alpine, UT: download lab 4a


    Fault Zoning and Regulation


    Guidelines for setbacks from normal faults in Utah, Christenson et al., 2003
    Readings

  • Guidelines for Preparing Engineering Geologic Reports in Utah Utah AEG, 1986
  • Guidelines for Evaluating Surface-Fault-Rupture Hazards in Utah pages 31-58 in Bowman and Lund,2016
  • Fault Rupture Hazard Zones in California Bryant and Hart, 2007

    Journal Questions Fault Zone Regulations Journal


    Lecture Materials
    Paleoseismic Slip Rates and Fault Zone Regulations Slides
    Video - coming later

    Lab Materials
    GIS Lab - Remote Mapping, Fault Profiling, and Setbacks (nothing to turn in this week)

    Weblinks for LiDAR Data of Site
    Open Topography LiDAR: LiDAR link 1
    Utah AGRC LiDAR: LiDAR link 2

    Fault Segments, Earthquake Ruptures, and Magnitudes


    Segments of the Wasatch Fault, DuRoss, 2016 - Figure 1
    Readings

  • The Moment Magnitude Scale Wikipedia Article
  • The Moment Magnitude Scale Hanks and Kanamori, 1979
  • Displacement and Geometrical Characteristics of Earthquake Surface Ruptures Wesnousky, 2008
  • Predicting the Endpoints of Ruptures Wesnousky, 2006
  • Empirical Relationships among Magnitude, Rupture Length,..., and Surface Displacement Wells and Coppersmith, 1994
  • Fault Behavior and Characteristic Earthquakes Schwartz and Coppersmith, 1984
  • Fault Segmentation: New Concepts from the Wasatch Fault DuRoss et al., 2016

    Journal Questions Earthquake Parameters, Fault Segmentation, and Report Writing


    Lecture Materials
    Fault Segment, Earthquake Ruptures, and Magnitudes Slides
    Video - coming later

    Lab Materials
    Fault Strip Mapping at Alpine, UT Day 2: Final Report Guidelines and Rubric

    Supplemental Weblinks

    Seismicity Patterns, Fault Behavior and Seismology


    Seismicity patterns (i.e., seismogenic depth) vary considerably with fault system and lithospheric properties.
    Here we see the Aleutian Subduction Zone seismicity in contrast with continental faulting of the Alaska Range (Lesh and Ridgway, 2007)
    Readings

  • No new readings or new journal, finish previous week's questions


    Lecture Materials
    Earthquake Seismicity and Fault Behavior Slides
    Video 1 of People Experiencing Shaking in Nepal Earthquake
    Video 2 of People Experiencing Shaking in Nepal Earthquake
    Wikipedia on Peak Ground Acceleration
    USGS Moment Magnitude and other concepts explained

    Lab Materials
    We will have structured GIS lab work this day, no new lab handout...
    Link to helpful scientific writing tutorials: Scruitiny of the Abstract, Scrutiny of the Introduction and More!


    Landslide Types and Morphology


    UVU Students Investigating the N. Salt Lake Landslide
    Readings

  • UGS Homeowners Guide to Recognizing and Reducing Landslide Damage: UGS Home-owners Guide to Landslides
  • California Geological Survey's Page onf Landslides: CGS Article on Landslide Types and Mapping
  • Landside Hazards in Utah Beukelman Article
  • Global Patterns of Loss of Life from Landslides David Petley Article
  • When Landslides are misinterpreted as faults Hart et al., Article

    Journal Questions Landslide Types, Morphology, and Issues

    Lab Materials
    Landslide Morphology Lab: download lab 5


    Utah Guidelines for Landslide Investigations and Slope Stability 1


    Landsat image of an alluvial fan - alluvial fans can be subject to debris flow hazards in Utah
    Readings

  • Assessing the Stability of Landslides in UT: UGS Christenson and Ashland
  • Slope stability implications of ground-water-level fluctuations in Wasatch Front landslides: UGS Ashland et al. 2006
  • Introduction to the Physics of Landslides de Blasio, 2011
  • NOVA - Killer Landslides Oso Landslide Nova Video
  • Guidelines for the Geologic Evaluation of Debris-Flow Hazards on Alluvial Fans in Utah Giraud, 2005

    Journal Questions Introduction to Slope Stability Analysis

    Lab Materials
    Landslide Slope Stability Lab 1: download lab 6
    History of the Vaoint Slide Semenza et al., 2000
    More on the Vaoint Slide of 1963 The Landslide Blog
    Video about the slide YouTube Link


    Slope Stability Analyses II


    FOS analysis for a potential rotational slump
    Readings

  • North Salt Lake Geotechnical Reports: Eaglepointe Landslide GRAMA reports
  • Sensitivity Analyses in Excel: Sensitivity Analysis Using Excel

    Lab Materials
    Landslide Slope Stability Lab 2: download lab 7 guidelines

    Ethics, Vulnerability, and Geologic Hazards


    Corruption and earthquake fatalities (from Ambraseys and Bilham, 2011)
    Readings

  • At Risk by Ben Wisner (read first 30 pages): Wisner Chapter 1
  • The Seismic Future of Cities: Bilham, 2009
  • Corruption Kills: Ambraseys and Bilham, 2011
  • Fault Zone Regulation, Seismic Hazard, and Social Vulnerability in Los Angeles, CA: Toke et al, 2014
  • Chapter 4 of the 2016 Guidelines for Investigating Geologic HazardsUGS - Investigating Landslide Hazards in Utah

    Journal Questions Ethics and Vulnerability in Hazards

    Lecture Materials
    Social Vulnerability and Hazards

    Quaternary Volcanism in Utah


    Black Rock Desert, Millard, County, Utah
    Readings

  • Quaternary Geology of the Black Rock Desert: Charles Oviatt
  • Basaltic Volcanic Fields: Conner and Conway
  • Volcanic Eruptions and Effusive Volcanism (sample chapter from the Encyclopedia ofVolcanology) read 1st chapter - provided on CANVAS only.

    Journal Questions Volcanic Hazards in Utah

    Lecture Materials
    Volcanic Hazards in Utah

    Earth Fissures and Ground Subsidence


    Earth Fissure in Escalante, Utah
    Readings

  • Fissure in Booming Utah City Divides Residents: Salt Lake Tribune
  • Investigation of Land Subsidence and Earth Fissures in Cedar Valley UT: Utah Geological Survey
  • Impacts of Land Subsidence in the US: Holzer and Galloway, 2005
  • Land Subsidence and Earth Fissures in AZ: AZGS
  • Earth Fissures Interview Video former head of the AZGS : Lee Allison 2009 Youtube Interview


    Journal Questions Subsidence and Earth Fissures

    Lab Materials
    Groundwater Lab: download lab 8 on Groundwater Withdrawl, Land Subsidence, and Earth Fissures

    Lecture Materials
    UGS Presentation Given by Lung et al. on Subsidence and Earth Fissures
  • Earth Fissures Viewer from the AZGS : AZGS Earth Fissure Viewer
  • 60 Minutes Video Depleting the Water : 60 Minutes Video About Depeleting the Groundwater
  • UGS Earth Fissures Page : UGS Earth Fissures Page

    Other Topics (e.g., problem soils, impacts, floods)


    Liquefaction Sand Blow and Dike
    Readings

  • Field Occurrences of Liquefaction Induced Features Obermeier et al 2005
  • Liquefaction Hazards in Utah UGS Mark Milligan
  • Collapsable Soil Hazard Map of the Southern Wasatch Owens and Rollins 1990
  • Dynamic Compation of Collapsible Soils based upon Case Histories Rollins et al., 2010


    Journal Questions Problem Soils and Liquefaction


    Direct questions to: Nathan A. Toke

    last updated on
    November 28, 2016


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